Palveesha Talpur, Muhammed Zakarya, Bisharat Ali
Purpose: The study was conducted descriptively to evaluate the nursing students' belief in hand hygiene, its practices and importance. Place and Duration: In the Isra School of Nursing, Isra University Hospital Hyderabad, Pakistan for one-year duration from March 2019 to March 2020. Materials and methods: The Hand Hygiene Questionnaire (HHQ) were used to collect data on personal characteristics with 13 questions. The research was conducted with 655 students who agreed to participate in the research. Data were evaluated using percentage and mean, standard deviation, independent t test and ANOVA estimation in the SPSS version 24.0 package. Results: 64.9% of the nursing students participating in the study were female, 55.9% were in the 21-23 age group, 28.1% were in the 4th grade and 90.7% were in formal education in hand hygiene. The mean total HHQ score was 150.90 ± 12.07 and the Cronbach alpha coefficient was 0.85. Statistically, a significant difference was found between the HHQ total score averages of the students in terms of gender, age and hand hygiene education (p <0.05). Conclusion: We determined that the students have theoretical knowledge about hand hygiene and applied it to some extent. However, the results showed a lack of clinical practice. Students' average scores on the hand hygiene questionnaire were influenced by gender, age, and education they received. Therefore, we concluded that it would be beneficial to determine the reasons for the deficiencies in hand hygiene practices, to repeat the training periodically, to take necessary precautions and to increase student awareness. Keywords: Hand hygiene, Knowledge, Attitude, Education, Nursing students.