Dr Sadia Talib, Jaffar Khan, Dr Sohaib Amin
Objective: Diabetes (DM) is an important public health problem in Pakistan and a risk factor for many co-morbidities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess awareness and understanding of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Southern Punjab. Study Design: Cross-sectional Study Methodology: This study conducted in the Medicine department of Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH), Bahawalpur for one-year duration from 1st May, 2019 to 30th April, 2020. Data of T2DM awareness was obtained from 1530 selectees. Results: About 59% of 1,530 participants were male and 41% female. 60.8% of the 1,530 participants knew nothing about DM, and approximately 48% were unsure whether they knew anything about the symptoms of DM. In this study group, the lack of information on the relationship between obesity and diabetes was statistically significant, p <0.001. Conclusion: The level of knowledge and awareness needed for a comprehensive awareness program to obtain reference information on DM in Southern Punjab population is low. Women need more to be targeted in DM prevention and control programs. Keywords: Lifestyle, Obesity, Awareness, Diabetes.