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Mitali Dalvi, Gitesh Guthale, Hemant Vanjari, Hitesh Kachave, Mahalaxmi Mohan


Probiotics are organisms which provide desired and beneficial effect on human health. With recent evidence implicating a disruption in the balance of the gastrointestinal microbiome and intestinal immunity as a potential trigger for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), there has been growing interest in using probiotics as an adjunct to standard anti-inflammatory and immune suppressing therapy. The intestinal microbiota is one of the key players in the etiology of ulcerative colitis. Manipulation of this microflora with probiotics is an attractive strategy in the management of ulcerative colitis. Several intervention studies for both the induction and maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis patients have been performed. Multiple probiotics and their formulations have been studied for both the induction and maintenance of remission of ulcerative colitis (UC); however, mainly Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 and VSL#3 have been shown to provide significant benefits for the prevention and treatment of mild to moderate UC. In general, probiotics show potential for therapeutic application in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and UC, with continued research and a movement towards carefully selected, individualized management based on an individual’s specific microbiota composition and function. Key words- Probiotics, Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Ulcerative Colitis (UC).


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