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Dr.Ayesha Mehmood, Dr.Sadaf Gul, Dr.Sidra Safdar


Osteoporosis is an important public health problem during prolonged life span. Many cases resulting in bone fragility and fractures are not diagnosed. Bone mineral density decreases physiology in both sexes, but is more common in hypoandrogenic conditions, that is, in women after menopause. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the factors causing osteo-penia in the community. Study Design: A community based Study. Place and duration: In the Department of Community Medicine, Services Institute of Medical Sciences for Six months duration from July 2019 to December 2019. Methods: A community-based bone mineral density estimation was done at department of community medicine in Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore. The bone mass density of the participants was evaluated using DEXA technique and T score based on WHO were used to evaluate bone mineral density according to WHO criteria. Information about sociodemographic status was obtained with a brief medical and surgical history. Results are presented in percentages and proportions. Significance tests were used to establish relationships between variables. Results: A total of 298 people enrolled in the study. There was a significant statistic association between the prevalence of BMD and age (p <0.001). Overall, 55.74% of women participated in the T <-1.0 score. Hysterectomized women had statistically significant low mineral densities. Since all men with osteoporosis had BMD <-2.5, there was a significant association between regular alcohol consumption and reduced BMD. Conclusion: A community based analysis is beneficial to recognise subclinical osteopenia in community. In this study it is supposed that the factors like advanced age, Hysterectomized women and males who consumes alcohol on daily basis causing Osteo-penia in the community. Key words: Osteoporosis, DEXA technique, T score.


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