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Reasons and Determinants for Attending Primary Health Care Centers among Adults, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 2018


Lama A Banjar , Jameela S Albakri, Yahya M Makhdoom, Bakr M Bin Sadiq


Background: Primary health care represents the first contact of an individual and families with the healthcare system and is a major part of the many initiatives of the Ministry of Health (MOH) that are directed towards the national transformation plan 2020 and the Saudi vision 2030. It is of vast importance to determine the reasons for attending primary health care centers for identification and meeting the health needs of studied population. Objective: The aim of this study is to identify reasons for attending primary health care centers among adults in Jeddah City. Methods: A cross sectional survey comprising 451 (225 males (49.9%) and 226 females (50.1%)) adults, visiting 9 primary health care centers. These PHCCs were selected from each health sector in Jeddah city using proportional allocation technique. Furthermore systematic random sampling was utilized to select participants from each PHCC. Participants were invited to complete a 19 item interviewed questionnaire which consists of three parts: socio-demographic data, past medical history and identifying the reason for attendance. These questionnaires were collected within a period of one month from November 2018 to January 2019. Results: Fifty six percent of the study population attended PHCs for health problems and the remainder attended for health services. The most common reason for attendance was respiratoy system complaints followed by medication refill service. The most common chronic diseases encountered were diabetes and hypertension Conclusion: Respiratory complaints followed by dental care and womens’ health issues account for the most common reason for PHCCs attendance and further action should be implemented based on these findings to ensure adequate care of PHCCs attenders. Key Words: Primary health care; Public health; Health services.


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