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Dr. Tahura Rasul, Dr Tayyaba Urooj, Dr. Zain Ghani.


Objective: This research work aimed to determine the complications after surgical interventions in the duration of stay in hospital in the surgical ward of a famous hospital of Lahore. Methodology: This was an elaborate retroactive research work. This research study carried out in the Surgical Unit-4 of General Hospital, Lahore. This research work covered a duration of complete seven months from June to December of the year 2018. We reviewed the records of all the patients who faced surgical intervention in the duration of this research study about complications after surgery whose development carried out during stay in hospital. We collected the information about age of the patient, their gender, appearance at the time of operation, performed surgery, abnormalities/complications after the surgical intervention & outcome of the treatment. SPSS V. 10 was in use for the statistical analysis of the collected information. Results: Total five hundred and one patients got admission in the duration of this research work. Four hundred and eleven surgeries performed in his duration. About 62.80% (n: 258) were elective & 37.20% (n: 153) were emergency methods. The most common surgery carried out in 22.40% (n: 92) patients was hernia repair, followed by surgical removal appendix in 15.60% (n: 64) & cholecystectomy in 13.20% (n: 54) patients. We documented the complications in 29.60% (n: 122) patients. The very frequent complication was after surgery pyrexia available in 18.20% (n: 75) patients, followed by nausea & vomiting after surgical intervention present in 11.60% (n: 48) patients, infection of wound was present in 11.40% (n: 47) patients and the infection of respiratory tract was present in 7% (n: 29) patients. In the duration of this research work, 0.90% (n: 4) met their death in the period after surgical intervention. Conclusion: This research study discovered that the most common complications after surgical interventions were high fever, infection of wound, nausea, vomiting and infection of the respiratory tract. This is very important for the professionals to know about these complications as well as the management of these complications to enhance the quality of life of these patients. Key Words: Complications, surgery, nausea, vomiting, infection, management, pyrexia, intervention, frequent, respiratory tract.


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