Dr. Shoaib Ahmed Khan, Dr Sara Shafique, Dr Tayyba Mumtaz
The purpose of conducting this study was to determine the psychosocial risk factors of hypertension peculiar to the patients of PESSI (mostly factory workers of low socio-economic status), in order to acquire information that would help raise awareness against hypertension, its risk factors and its long term consequences among the same population.
Hypertension, commonly referred to as “high blood pressure” is a medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated (>140/90 mmHg). Persistently high blood pressure, is a major risk factor for CVS diseases like coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, and many other health outcomes like vision loss, and chronic kidney disease. The prevalence of hypertension in Pakistan is 18% which calls for extensive surveillance and research on this issue.
For this purpose, members of our team reached out to patients of hypertension in PESSI hospital, and after informed consent presented each patient with a questionnaire. The team members then prompted the patients to answer the questions written in the questionnaires. It was ensured that the data was collected in accordance with standard procedures of surveillance. The data was analyzed using SPPS. It turned out that 64% patients were factory workers having low socioeconomic status (with about 59% people having a monthly income of