Ammad Qayyum, Ehsan ul Haq, Muhammad Rauf
Diabetes describes metabolic disorders of various etiologies, characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disorders of carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Objective: To diagnose new cases of diabetes in underdeveloped rural areas of Lahore Study Design: An observational study. Place and duration of the study: In the Medicine departments of Services Hospital Lahore for one year duration from March 2019 to March 2020. Methods: Six hundred and two patients with diagnosed diabetes of both sexes, men and women, were divided into two groups. The first group was type I diabetes (30 patients) and the group two (572 patients). General physical examination, blood pressure, random blood sugar, fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin A1C and weight were calculated and recorded at the first visit and during the study period. Patients with alcoholism, peptic ulcer, kidney disease, liver disease, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism were excluded from the study. The procedure was explained to patients and the patients' written consent was taken. Data were expressed as a percentage calculated at the end of the study and analyzed using the paired "t" test to determine the significance of the difference. The probability value <0.05 was the limit of significance. Results: 30 out of 602 patients with selected diabetes had type I diabetes, and 572 patients were associated with type II diabetes. The difference between these two groups of patients is 90.04 ± 4.04, which is extremely important at P values <0.001. During the study of gender data, only 222 of 602 patients were female. Men with diabetes were 380. The difference between the groups is 26.24 ± 8.47, which is significant when statistically analyzed and shows a P value <0.01. Conclusion: Finally, we came to the conclusion from our study that patients with type II diabetes increased sharply compared with type-I diabetes. Key words: diabetes (DM), type 1 diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), type 11 diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).