Dr Hamayoon Ishaq, Dr Muhammad Iftekhar Ud Din, Dr Abid Ullah
To detect any dysfunction in pelvic floor muscles to determine the effectiveness of muscle training and to evaluate the effect of childbirth ultrasonography has been widely used. Two types of ultrasounds has been used more frequently, 2D ultrasound which is more useful in evaluating pelvic floor issues and other is 3D ultrasound which is quite common. Different types of studies have been conducted in order to evaluate the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training for treating stress urinary incontinence. The success rate was between 44% and 80% among young adult females. A very limited literature is in favor of improved pelvic organ prolapse and its related symptoms. Some studies have briefly explained the mechanism of action of pelvic floor muscle training in organ prolapse. Women are teaches to contract the PFM before and during increases in abdominal pressure, helps prevent pelvic organ prolapse is known as behavioral therapy. There is significant increase in the cross-sectional area of levator ani muscle in women with pelvic organ prolapse. Pelvic floor muscle training and hypopressive exercise produce beneficial outcomes in the cross-sectional area of levator ani muscle.