Dr. Sana Shafique, Dr. Shazia Munawar
Background: Health, safety practices in steel mill industry refers to better outcome of labor for which the world trade organization –WTO demands safer, healthier and environment friendly workplaces globally for labors so that quality products are made available without any kind of interruptions. This paper aims to study and evaluate the various occupational safety practices performed by the steel mills across Islamabad and we as researchers wants to enhance employee performance and engagement as well as the long-term sustainability of the work force especially in the industrial sector. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in Steel Mills of Islamabad for 3 months. Simple random sampling technique was used and sample size was obtained by using Krejcie & Morgan table for finite population i.e. 200 individuals keeping confidence interval 95%, margin of error 5% and population frame 50%. The questionnaire was adapted from research article (Knowledge and practices regarding safety information among textile workers in Adwa town, Ethiopia). We analyzed the data through IBM SPSS Version 20 to calculate the frequencies and percentages of our sample. Results: The findings of our study suggested that every 3 out of 5 workers were unaware of the personal protection equipment (PPE). Among the workers who had awareness and which are using personal protection equipment have following frequencies. Frequency of the workers wearing coverall was 63%. Frequency of the workers wearing protective gloves was 88(28%), only 45% wore protective boots. And half of the labor 48% working under the overhead crane system was wearing helmets. The frequency of workers using ear muffs was very low that is only 12 (6%). Overall the ventilation system was satisfactory. Conclusion: Detailed inspection of the Steel Mills revealed that out of every 5 worker, 3 of them were unaware of the personal protection equipment (PPE) and precautions required for safe handling in the mills. Adoption of safety measures by the workers was not satisfactory and more then half of the workers failed to follow the essential safety precautions.