Dr Usman Mustafa, Dr Fahmeena Maryam, Dr Sabir khan khattak
Objectives: The main objective of the study is to analyze the gastro-esophageal reflux disease and its risk factors among local population of Pakistan. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Health department Punjab during 2019 to August 2019. This is basically a cross sectional study. The data was collected from 500 patients of both male and female. Patients presenting with typical symptoms of GERD, over a period of six months were enrolled. Results: The data were collected from 500 patients. Approximately one quarter of the participants reported having received 13 or more years of education. There were 101 (9.4 %) participants reporting a history of pan masala chewing, among whom 67 were men and 34 women. Smoking was more common than pan masala chewing (156 out of 1072, 14.6 %), and there were only three women among the ever smokers. Conclusion: It is concluded that the risk factors predisposing for GERD in the study population include increasing age and BMI, living in urban area, lower educational level, and pan masala chewing.