Volume : 08, Issue : 01, January – 2021
3.EVALUATE THE EFFICIENCY OF INTRAVITREAL BEVACIZUMAB INJECTIONS IN IMPROVING THE VISUAL ACUITY FOR DIABETIC RETINOPATHY TREATMENT
Dr. Zainab Afzal, Dr. Muhammad Ibrar khan, Dr. Syed Muhammad Waqar Haider Bukhari
Objective: The purpose of study was to evaluate the efficiency of intravitreal bevacizumab injections in improving the visual acuity for diabetic retinopathy treatment.
Study Design: A prospective study.
Place and Duration: This study was conducted at District Headquarters Hospital Muzaffarabad for the duration of one year starting from September, 2019 to August, 2020.
Methodology: In our study we include 59 diabetic patients who were having diabetic macular edema and fresh vitreous hemorrhage. With a dose of 1.25mg in 0.05ml (at 0month, 1 month, 2 months) each of patients were given three intravitreal bevacizumab injections at the period of 3 months with final follow up. Stabilization was considered if the visual acuity was unchanged relative to the baseline while the criteria for improvement was a gain of at least one line on Snellen’s visual acuity chart, compared to the baseline.
Results: In our present study 59 patients were included. According to gender distribution, intravitreal injection was given to 34 patients (50.84%) who were females and 25 patients (49.1%) who were male and their age range from 45-67 years. The patients with diabetic macular edema, 26 eyes (44.06%) show improvement while whereas visual acuity was found in 4 eyes (6.7%). Patients with vitreous hemorrhage, visual acuity stabilization were noticed in 2 eyes (3.3%) whereas 27 eyes (45.76%) show improvement. We don’t notice any patient with falling of visual acuity.
Conclusion: At the end of our study, we conclude that the effective thing for the improvement of visual outcomes in diabetic patients who were having macular edema and vitreous hemorrhage is intravitreal bevacizumab injection.
Keywords :Intravitreal, Visual Outcome, Diabetic Retinopathy, Bevacizumab.
Cite This Article:
Please cite this article in press Zainab Afzal et al, Evaluate The Efficiency Of Intravitreal Bevacizumab Injections In Improving The Visual Acuity For Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2021; 08(1).
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