Volume : 08, Issue : 01, January – 2021
121.STUDY TO DETERMINE THE LEADING CAUSES OF MORTALITY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND HOW IT CAN BE PREVENTED
Dr Afshan Riaz, Dr Muhammad Muntazir Mehdee, Dr Salman Aslam
Introduction: Infant and child mortality remains high in the poor population of developing countries.
Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the main causes of death among children admitted to hospital with acute diseases in a developing country.
Study Design: A descriptive observational study.
Place and duration of studies: Department of Pediatrics Unit-1 of Nishtar Hospital, Multan for one-year duration from July 2019 to July 2020.
Patients and Methods: The study population consisted of children admitted to the 1st General Medical Ward, who died from various diseases.
Results: Out of 100 deaths of children, 62 (62%) were male and 38 (38%) were females. The age range was 1 month to 14 years. The maximum number of deaths was <1 year 69 (69%) and only 7 (7%) of all deaths were> 5 years of age. Deaths were maximum in the first few months of life, with 46% occurring in the first 6 months. 41 (41%) children had a body weight of 80%. Intestinal disease was the most common cause of 36 (36%) of all deaths, followed by acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) 27 (27%) and central nervous system (CNS) infection in 25 (25%). Besides, the number of diseases was negligible.
Conclusion: A significant proportion of child deaths can be prevented by developing strategies to reduce malnutrition and infection.
Keywords: child mortality, malnutrition
Cite This Article:
Please cite this article in press Afshan Riaz et al, Study To Determine The Leading Causes Of Mortality In Developing Countries And How It Can Be Prevented., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2021; 08(1).
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