Volume : 08, Issue : 01, January – 2021
176.A CROSS SECITONAL STUDY ON THE COMPLICATIONS OF KALA PATHAR POISONING
Jawad-Ul-Hassan, Usama Bin Hassaan, M. Talha Afzal
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the complications of kala pathar poisoning.
Material and Methods; The design of this study was a cross sectional study. This study was carried out at Aziz Fatima hospital Faisalabad and the duration of this study was from May 2020 to November 2020. In this study the suspected cases of kala pathar poising by history from the patients and the attendants of either gender and age more than 18 years were included. The cases with pre-existing renal, hepatic or cardiac failure were excluded. These cases were then assessed clinically in detail and with laboratory investigation like liver function tests, renal functions test, Electrocardiogram, serum electrolytes etc. were done to label particular complication.
Results: In this study 100 cases of suspected kala pathar poisoning were included, out of which 70 (70%) were females and 30 (30%) males as in table 01. Out of 100, 92 (92%) presented with oral ingestion. The mean age was 25.34±6.12 years. Pain in throat was the most common complication seen in 78 (78%) of cases. Hyperkalemia was the 2nd most common complication seen in 54 (54%) of cases followed by rhabdomyolysis seen in 20 (20%) of cases. Renal failure was seen in 18 (18%) and arrhythmias in 10 (10%) cases.
Conclusion: Kala pathar is a fatal suicidal agent and pain in throat followed by hyperkalemia are the most reported complications.
Keywords :Poisoning, Predisposing, Benzodiazepine, Kala Pathar, Hyperkalemia, Rhabdomyolysis
Cite This Article:
Please cite this article in press Jawad-Ul-Hassan et al, A Cross Secitonal Study On The Complications Of Kala Pathar Poisoning., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2021; 08(1).
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