Volume : 08, Issue : 01, January – 2021
19. SEVERE RESPIRATORY VIRAL INFECTIONS: NEW EVIDENCE AND CHANGING PARADIGMS
Dr Abubakar Obaid , Dr Muhammad Huzaifa Javaid, Dr Sana Eman
Respiratory infections have a variety of forms and dimensions. The viral nature of various infections and the phenomenon of mutation has brought about changes in the whole pretext of respiratory infections. Infections in the Lower Respiratory Tract are a major contributor to the casualties in the United States Of America in particular and North America in general. Although advancements in testing methods have improved our ability to detect pathogens the journey is not yet over. With modern statistical methods, we have come to know that viral Pathogens are the major causal pathogens for immunocompetent patients. With an increasing number of Elderly Adults or patients with a chronic medical condition, the burden of viral respiratory infections increases as well. With the advent of the coronavirus, its probable mutations, conventional approaches in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia by targeting bacterial pathogens, and the aging of the population in various developed countries the whole landscape has changed upside down.
It becomes imperative for all practitioners and clinicians to have a thorough knowledge of the characteristics of Coronavirus, Rhinovirus, Human Adenoviruses, Respiratory Syncytial Virus, and human Metapneumovirus. Major challenges in this regard include clear cut segregation of True Infection and Asymptotic Carriage. It is equally important to characterize patients with severe lower tract infection who do not have a causative pathogen. Our focus will remain on the Respiratory Viral Pathogens and Community-Acquired infections. Widespread and common knowledge of the role of Influenza in severe Respiratory Infections being quite common, our focus will remain on the infections other than conventional forms of influenza including, CoronaVirus, Rhinovirus, Human Adenovirus(hADv), Respiratory Syncytial Virus(RSV), and Human Metapneumovirus(hMPV).
Keywords : Human Adenovirus(hADv), Respiratory Syncytial Virus(RSV), and Human Metapneumovirus(hMPV)
Cite This Article:
Please cite this article in press Abubakar Obaid et al, Severe Respiratory Viral Infections: New Evidence And Changing Paradigms., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2021; 08.
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