Volume : 08, Issue : 01, January – 2021
69. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS ACCORDING TO WHO PRESCRIBING INDICATORS IN GENERAL MEDICINE DEPARTMENT IN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL
Dr Ravi Lakavath, Dr Sasidhar A, Dr Patan Nishad*, Dr K. Leela Prasad Babu,Dr Devendra Naik
Aim:of the study is to monitor and assess the prescribing patterns of antibiotics in a tertiary care teaching hospital by using WHO prescribing indicators in RIMS Hospital, Kadapa.
Objectives: To assess the prescribing patterns of antibiotic in General medicine population by using WHO prescribing indicators. To know the common diseases and common class of antibiotic prescribed and their indication for Therapy and to evaluate number of single or Combination of antibiotic in the prescription.
Methods and Materials:
This is a prospective study observational study done from august to January from general medicine department of RIMS, kadapa. The data will be collected from Inpatients department in RIMS government hospital, Kadapa. Demographics characteristics of the patient from the case sheets. Data would be collected from case notes and personnel interview of the subjects who are included in the study at General medicine I.P department. Microsoft excel is used for recording and analysing the data of recruited subjects, and the results were applied in percentage.
Results: A total on of 300 patients included in our study, the percentage of male and female were 54.0% and 46.0% respectively. Data was collected using patient case sheets, and direct patient interviews. Information on antibiotic prescription in the study Cephalosporin antibiotics 192 (33.9%) were most frequently prescribed antibiotics followed by Penicillin’s 125(22.1%).101(17.8%) were of Macrolide’s 56(9.9%) were of Tetracycline’s 50(8.89%) were of Fluroquinolones. In this study we observe that most of the drugs prescribed in the form of injections (64%) followed by tablets (38%) and capsule (2.1) % of the total 300 prescriptions, 124 (42%) prescription with antibiotic dual therapy,112 (37%) prescription with antibiotic monotherapy,64(21%) prescription with three or more than three antibiotic agents were observed.
In our study we observed COPD disease most common disease. Cephalosporins were most commonly prescribed class of antibiotics. Among them ceftriaxone was most prescribed antibiotics. Generic prescribing was comparatively higher and mainly prescribed from Essential Drug List. The parenteral use of antibiotics administration was markedly higher. Strict adherence to the prescription policy can significantly overcome the overuse of antibiotics and reduce the development of resistance to antibiotics.
Keywords : TAntibiotics, Inpatients, prescribing pattern, WHO drug use indicators.
Cite This Article:
Please cite this article in press Patan Nishad et al, The Role Of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing Organisms Causing Urinary Tract Infection Is A Risk Factor For Acute Kidney Injury Among Type 2 Diabetic Patients., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2021; 08(1).
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