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Volume : 08, Issue : 01, January – 2021


Amna Mahmood, Moazza Muzzammil, Maryam Shahzadi

Abstract :

Objective: The purpose of our study was to reveal the aspects of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis regarding its common pathogens in cases presenting with HCV cirrhosis.
Study Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration: This study was conducted at the department of medicine, Mayo Hospital Lahore for the duration of six months starting from March, 2020 to August, 2020.
Methodology: In our study we include 177 patients. Patients of either age and gender were also included. Hepatitis C virus caused for liver cirrhosis in patients. Within the half hour of collection, we sent Ascitic fluid to Diagnostic and Research Laboratory of LUMHS and blood agar media was used to complete ascitic fluid culture. We labelled polymorph nuclear leucocyte >250-cells/µl or TLC count >500-cells/µl as SBP positive. According to positive pathogen we label growth positive on different disc. We enter all the data on predesigned proforma. SPSS v.20 was used for the analysis of data.
Results: In our present study 177 patients were included. Their mean age was50.06±11.5 years and their age range from 20-70 years. According to male/female ratio majority of patients were males (78.5%). 120 patients (67.8%) were found who were having cirrhosis. 77 patients (43.5%) out of 177 patients were having Child Pugh-Class B. 100 patients (56.49%) out of 177 patients were having spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Between these 100 patients, positive culture was found in 87% of patients, in 16.47% patients we find Klebsiella, 9.42% patients were found Pneumococci, 54.11% patients were found E. coli and Enterococci were found in 7.06% patients.
Conclusion: At the end of our study, we conclude that in 56.49% patients were having spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. HCV cirrhosis is a major complication and the major culprit microorganisms is E. coli. Sensitive method for the detection of microorganisms who were causing for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is ascitic fluid culture method.

Keywords: Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis, Micro-Organisms, HCV Cirrhosis.

Cite This Article:

Please cite this article in press Amna Mahmood et al, To Reveal The Aspects Of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis And Pathogens In Cases Presenting With Hcv Cirrhosis., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2021; 08(1).

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