Volume : 09, Issue : 07, July – 2022
33.DYNAMIC REVIEW OF PERFUME FROM ESSENTIAL OIL GERANIOL (PELARGONIUM GRAVEOLENS) AND GINGER (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE)
Dr. Md. Rageeb Md. Usman, Mr. Sajan Mangilal Pawara*
Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds (fragrances), fixatives and solvents, usually in liquid form, used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living-spaces an agreeable scent.
The Egyptians developed aromatic oils and essences 5000 years ago. Great perfume lovers,
They used almond and rose oil, frankincense and myrrh, cedar, mimosa and lily, nutmeg, sweet balsam, cassia, benzoin and labdanum, galbanum and opopanax in such diverse preparations as aphrodisiacs, medicines, cosmetics and incense. In fact, the art of perfumery in Ancient Egypt was so sophisticated that when archaeologists opened Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922 they discovered an ointment that was still fragrant! The study of fragrance, developed in the Nile Valley, was to inspire other ancient cultures. In Greece, athletes anointed their bodies with aromatic oils, and at banquets Romans refreshed themselves between courses with flower-scented water. It was the Persians who developed the use of exotic ingredients and the technique of extracting oils from flowers through distillation. This expertise was brought to Western Europe at the time of the Crusades.
Keywords: Perfume, Pelargonium Graveolens, Zingiber officinale
Cite This Article:
Please cite this article in press Sajan Mangilal Pawara et al, Dynamic Review Of Perfume From Essential Oil Geraniol (Pelargonium Graveolens) And Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2022; 09(7).,
Number of Downloads : 10
1. Balasubramanian, Narayanaganesh (20 November 2015). “Scented Oils and Perfumes”. American Chemical Society. ACS Symposium Series. 1211: 219–244. doi:10.1021/bk-2015-1211.ch008. ISBN 9780841231122.
2. “Perfume – Definition and More from Dictionary”. Merriam-Webster.
3. Shyndriayeva, Galina (2015). “Perfume at the Forefront of Macrocyclic Compound Research: From Switzerland to Du Pont” (PDF). International Workshop on the History of Chemistry. Tokyo.
4. perfume”. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
5. Strathern, Paul (2000). Mendeleyev’s Dream – The Quest For the Elements. New York: Berkley Books. ISBN 0-425-18467-6.
6. Levey, Martin (1973). Early Arabic Pharmacology: An Introduction Based on Ancient and Medieval Sources. Brill Archive. p. 9. ISBN 90-04-03796-9.
7. A.K. Sharma; Seema Wahad; Raśmī Śrīvāstava (2010). Agriculture Diversification: Problems and Perspectives. I. K. International Pvt Ltd. p. 140.
8. Jump up to:a b Roach, John (29 March 2007). “Oldest Perfumes Found on “Aphrodite’s Island””. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
9. Ancient Perfumes Recreated, Put on Display in Rome”. Fox News.
10. Elis, Kiss (2 June 2018). “Ancient perfume recreated for anniversary show”. Kathimerini English Edition. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
11. al-Hassani, Woodcok and Saoud (2006) 1001 Inventions; Muslim Heritage in Our World, FSTC, p.22.
12. M. Ullmann (1986), “AL-KĪMIYĀ”, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 5 (2nd ed.), Brill, p. 111b
13. E. Wiedemann; M. Plessner (1986), “AL-ANBĪḲ”, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 1 (2nd ed.), Brill, p. 486a
14. Henry George Liddell; Robert Scott, eds. (1897), “ἄμβιξ”, Greek-English Lexicon (8th ed.), Harper & Brothers, p. 73
15. Marcellin Berthelot (1889), Introduction à l’étude de la chimie des anciens et du moyen âge, Steinheil, p. 164
16. History of Perfumes in Spain”. La Casa Mundo.
17. Giovanni Dugo, Ivana Bonaccorsi (2013). Citrus bergamia: Bergamot and its Derivatives. CRC Press. p. 467. ISBN 9781439862292.
18. Thompson, C.J.S. (1927). The Mystery and Lure of Perfume. London: John Lane the Bodley Head Limited. p. 140.
19. Voudouri, Dimitra; Tesseromatis, Christine (December 2015). “Perfumery from Myth to Antiquity” (PDF). International Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy. 3 (2): 52. doi:10.15640/ijmp.v3n2a4.
20. Sullivan, Catherine (1 March 1994). “Searching for nineteenth-century Florida water bottles”. Historical Archaeology. 28 (1): 78–98. doi:10.1007/BF03374182. ISSN 0440-9213. S2CID 162639733.
21. Stoddart, David Michael (1990). The Scented Ape: The Biology and Culture of Human Odour. Cambridge University Press. pp. 142–167.
22. Compare: Pepe, Tracy (2000). So, What’s the entire Sniff About? An In-Depth Plea for Sanity and Equal Rights for Your Sense of Smell, Our Most Neglected and Endangered Sense. So Whats all the Sniff about. p. 46. ISBN 9780968707609. Retrieved 11 July 2015. In 1693
23. A Brief History of Men’s Cologne – Discover the History of Men’s Fragrances-COLOGNE BLOG”. COLOGNE BLOG. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014.
24. Charles Rice, Frederick Albert Castle (1879). New Remedies: An Illustrated Monthly Trade Journal of Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Therapeutics. W. Wood & Company. p. 358.