Volume : 09, Issue : 06, June – 2022



Authors :

Wjood Abdullah Altalhi , Wahaj Abdullah Altalhi, Abeer Ibrahim Alsulaimani, Nehal Mohammed Al-qurashi

Abstract :

This study aims to assess the Awareness and knowledge of Emergency contraception among adult married women attending PHCCs in Taif City. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was adapted for this study. The study population were married women attending primary health care clinics of childbearing age between 18 and 45 years, Taif, Saudi Arabia. The study excluded unmarried women, married women their age less than 18 or more than 45, and those who refused to participate. A multistage random sampling technique was used as a sampling technique. Data was entered and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26. Chi-square test for inferential analysis. Results were considered significant if p<0.05. Results: The study included 250 participants who were aged between 20 and 45 years as 40.4% of whom were aged between 30 and 40 years. The majority of participants were married (87.6%), Saudi (97.2%), had offspring (87.2%), and had university education or higher (69.6%). Nearly half (52%) of respondents knew that it is possible to prevent unwanted pregnancy after having unprotected sex. Average knowledge score was 28.1%, and only 10.4% of respondents scored more than 60%. There is a significant relationship between knowledge level and age (p=0.000), number of offspring (p=0.000), educational level (p=0.000), employment status (p=0.000), and monthly family income (p=0.000). Conclusion: Our study found that the majority of participants had poor knowledge about emergency contraception. Women aged 20 to 30 had better knowledge (27.1%), as did those with postgraduate education (44.2%), employed (21.7%), and a family monthly income of more than 10000 SAR (27.3%). We recommend emphases to conduct awareness campaigns and promotion of emergency contraception among Saudi women.

Cite This Article:

Please cite this article in press Wjood Abdullah Altalhi et al, Awareness And Knowledge Of Emergency Contraception Among Adult Married Women Attending PHC’S In Taif City, Saudi Arabia, 2020., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2022; 09(6).,

Number of Downloads : 10


1. Seetharaman S, Yen S, Ammerman SD. Improving adolescent knowledge of emergency contraception: challenges and solutions. Open Access J Contracept. 2016 Nov 22;7:161-173. doi: 10.2147/OAJC.S97075. PMID: 29386948; PMCID: PMC5683156.
2. Glasier A. Emergency postcoital contraception, New England Journal of Medicine. 1997;p.337:1058-64.
3. Saleem S, Fikree FF. The quest for small family size among Pakistani women–is the voluntary termination of pregnancy a matter of choice or necessity? J Pak Med Assoc. 2015;55(7):288–91.
4. Marzieh N, Abdolrasool A, Safiyeh A-M. The burden of abortion: induced and spontaneous. Arch Iran Med 2006;9:39-45. –
5. Emergency Contraception (for Teens) – Nemours KidsHealth. (2022, January 1). Emergency Contraception (for Teens) – Nemours KidsHealth; kidshealth.org. https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/contraception-emergency.html
6. La Valleur J. Emergency contraception. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am 2000;27:817-39.
7. WHO. (2021, November 9). Emergency Contraception; www.who.int. www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/emergency-contraception
8. Palermo T, Bleck J, Westley E. Knowledge and use of emergency contraception: a multicountry analysis. Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2014;40(2):79–86.
9. Alharbi M, Almujil A, Alreshid F, Kutbi E. Knowledge and attitude about emergency contraception among Saudi women of childbearing age. J Fam Med Prim Care. 2019;8(1):44.
10. Abraha D, Welu G, Berwo M, Gebretsadik M, Tsegay T, Gebreheat G, et al. Knowledge of and Utilization of Emergency Contraceptive and Its Associated Factors among Women Seeking Induced Abortion in Public Hospitals, Eastern Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017: A Cross-Sectional Study. Biomed Res Int. 2019;2019.
11. Roshi D, Italia S, Burazeri G, Brand H. Prevalence and Correlates of Emergency Contraceptive Use in Transitional Albania. Gesundheitswes (Bundesverband der Arzte des Offentl Gesundheitsdienstes . 2019 Jul;81(7):e127–32.
12. Jiménez-Iglesias A, Moreno C, García-Moya I, Rivera F. Prevalence of emergency contraceptive pill use among Spanish adolescent girls and their family and psychological profiles. BMC Womens Health. 2018 May;18(1):67.
13. Karim S, Irfan F, Rowais D, Zahrani B, Qureshi R, Qadrah B. Emergency contraception: Awareness, attitudes, and barriers of Saudi Arabian Women. Pakistan J Med Sci. 2015 Nov 1;31:1500–5.
14. Mishore KM, Woldemariam AD, Huluka SA. Emergency Contraceptives: Knowledge and Practice towards Its Use among Ethiopian Female College Graduating Students. Int J Reprod Med. 2019 Jan 1;2019:1–8.
15. Najafi F, Rahman HA, Hanafiah M, Momtaz YA, Ahmad Z. Emergency contraception: knowledge, attitudes and practices among married Malay women staff at a public university in Malaysia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2012 Nov;43(6):1512–20.
16. Chin-Quee D, L’Engle K, Otterness C, Mercer S, Chen M. Repeat use of emergency contraceptive pills in urban Kenya and Nigeria. Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2014 Sep;40(3):127–34.
17. Irfan F, Karim SI, Hashmi S, Ali S, Ali SA. Knowledge of emergency contraception among women of childbearing age at a teaching hospital of Karachi. J Pak Med Assoc. 2009 Apr;59(4):235–40.
18. General Census of Population and Housing, 1436 H, Central Department of Statistics and Information, 2015.
19. Kamal TA, Alsofiany AA, Alghamdi NKH, Al-Rajhi AEH. Factors influencing violence experienced by medical staff in primary health care centers, Taif city. Int J Adv Res 2016; 4(10): 1640-1651.
20. Karim SI, Irfan F, Al Rowais N, Al Zahrani B, Qureshi R, Al Qadrah BH. Emergency contraception: Awareness, attitudes and barriers of Saudi Arabian Women. Pakistan journal of medical sciences. 2015 Nov;31(6):1500.
21. WHO, author. A tabulation of Available data on the frequency and mortality of unsafe abortion. 2nd Edition. Vol. 14. Geneva: WHO division family health and safe mother hood program; 1994. pp. 243–247.
22. Barbara E, Rogers W, Rochal, Widad K. Maternal mortality in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia studies in family planning. 1986;17(6/1):288–301.
23. Lee S, Wai M, Lai L, Ho P. Women’s knowledge and attitudes towards emergency contraception in Hong Kong: Questionnaire survey. Hong Kong Medical Journal. 1999;5:349–352.
24. Sorhaindo A, Backer D, Fletcher H. Emergency contraception among university students in Kingston Jamaica. Survey on Knowledge, Attitude and practice of emergency contraception. BMJ. 2002;64(4):261–268.
25. Mabatho M, Jomifier A, Margaret LM, Magos B, Cathyc KZ, Chelsea M. Emergency contraception utilization by young south African women. Social Science and Medicine. 2004;8(2):137–144.
26. Josaphat B, Florence M, Elisabeth F, Kristin G. Emergency contraception and fertility awareness among University students in Kampala, Uganda. East African Medical Journal. 2006;6(4):194–200.
27. Michael E, Azikon P, Okonta B. Knowledge and perception of emergency contraception among female Nigerian under graduates. International family Practice Perspectives. 2006;35(4):201–208.
28. Elise K, Andres V, Matt R, Arja R, Heini H. Questionnaire survey of the use of emergency contraception among teenagers in Finland. BMJ. 1999;319(4):91–92.
29. Harper C, Ellertson CE. The emergency contraception pill. a survey of knowledge and attitude among students at Princeton University. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995;173(5):1438–1445.