Volume : 10, Issue : 01, January – 2023
28.COMPARATIVE QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS BY USING METHANOL AND AQUEOUS EXTRACT (CARICA PAPAYA)
Siddharth Shankar, Dr. Vivekanand Katare*, Ms. Nisha Kalme, Dr. Prabhat Kumar Jain
Indian traditional codified medicinal systems and folk medicine are a vast lexicon of herbal formulations and medicinal plants. In last few decades, the popularity of herbal medicine/products has increased worldwide, not only as part of conventional treatment strategies but also for health care management, A large number of modern medicines are derived from the plants used in Ayurveda and other traditional medicinal systems. Ayurveda and other traditional herbal medicines are capable of addressing some modern unmet medical needs, and can provide the basis for developing potential medicines. Carica papaya (papaya) is a herbaceous plant belonging to the family Caricaceae. This plant is a dicotyledonous, polygamous and diploid spieces. It originated from Southern mexico, Central America and the Northen part of South America. The whole plant parts, fruit, roots, bark, peel, seeds and pulp are also known for its medicinal properties. The papaya has high content of Vitamins A, B and C. The proteolytic enzymes like papain and chymopapain have antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial properties. This study deals with the Comparative qualitative and quantitative study of Carica papaya. The plant material was collected and subjected to maceration by Methanol & water separately. The phytochemical screening & quantitative estimation of flavonoid was also performed. The results showed that the methanol & aqueous extract have percentage yield of 5.31% w/w & 6.71% w/w. Methanolic extract showed presence of Carbohydrates, Flavonoids, Proteins & Amino acids, Diterpenes & Aqueous extract was found to contain Flavonoid, diterpenes & saponins. The total flavonoid content for methanol & aqueous extract was observed to be 0.299 mg/100mg & 0.484 mg/100mg respectively. These results indicate that aqueous extract contain grater amount of phytoconstituents than methanolic extract.
Keywords: Carica papaya, Medicinal plant, Phytochemicals, Flavonoids,
Cite This Article:
Please cite this article in press Vivekanand Katare et al, Comparative Qualitative And Quantitative Study Of Medicinal Plants By Using Methanol And Aqueous Extract (Carica Papaya).., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2023; 10(01)../p>
Number of Downloads : 10
1. Singh R. Medicinal plants: A review. Journal of Plant Sciences. 2015 May 18;3(1-1):50-5.
2. Davidson-Hunt I.2000:Ecological ethno botany: stumbling toward new practices and paradigms. MASA J. ,16:1–13,2000
3. Subenthiran S, Choon TC, Cheong KC, Thayan R, Teck MB, Muniandy PK, Afzan A, Abdullah NR, Ismail Z. Carica papaya leaves juice significantly accelerates the rate of increase in platelet count among patients with dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2013 Oct;2013.
4. Aravind G, Bhowmik D, Duraivel S, Harish G. Traditional and medicinal uses of Carica papaya. Journal of medicinal plants studies. 2013;1(1):7-15.
5. Baskaran C, Velu S, Kumaran K. The efficacy of Carica papaya leaf extract on some bacterial and a fungal strain by well diffusion method. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2012 Jan 1;2:S658-62.
6. Silva JD, Rashid Z, Nhut DT, Sivakumar D, Gera A, Souza MT, Tennant P. Papaya (Carica papaya L.) biology and biotechnology. Tree and Forestry Science and Biotechnology. 2007;1(1):47-73.
7. Mukherjee PK. Quality Control of Herbal Drugs, 2nd Edition, Business Horizons, 2007; 2-14.
8. Kokate CK. Ed. Practical Pharmacognosy, 4thEdn., Vallabh Prakashan: 1994; 112:120.
9. The Unani pharmacopeia of India. 2007–2010. Department of AYUSH, Ministry of health and family welfare, Government of India.
10. Parkhe G, Bharti D. In Vitro Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Contents of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Leaves of Lagerstroemia ParvifloraRoxb. JDDT. 2019; 9(4):708-11.