Volume : 09, Issue : 10, October – 2022



Authors :

Ahmad Bin Khalid

Abstract :

Introduction: The use of ultrasound (US) in the diagnosis and treatment of patients is a well-established modality that has existed for many years. Objectives of the study: The main objective of the study is to find the role of chest sonography in diagnosing pneumothorax. Key issues: This case study was conducted in Jinnah Hospital, Lahore during July 2022. The data was collected from 10 patients with clinical and/or radiographic suspicion of pneumothorax; and patients with chest tube in-situ who required evaluation for residual pneumothorax. Results: The data was collected from 10 patients. The duration of complaints ranged from 1 hour to 1 month. On examination, evidence of chest trauma was seen in 7 (70%) cases. Mild subcutaneous emphysema was seen in 3 (30%) cases. Significant general physical examination findings were tachypnoea, fever, tachycardia and lymphadenopathy. Conclusion: It is concluded that chest ultrasonography can be used as a primary imaging modality for the diagnosis of pneumothorax in a vast array of clinical settings, as it has a high sensitivity and specificity.

Cite This Article:

Please cite this article in Ahmad Bin Khalid, Role Of Chest Sonography In Diagnosing Pneumothorax: A Case Study., Indo Am. J. P. Sci, 2022; 09(10).

Number of Downloads : 10


1. Bridges KG, Welch G, Silver M, Schinco MA, Esposito B. CT detection of occult pneumothorax in multiple trauma patients. J Emerg Med. 1993;11:179–86.
2. Kirkpatrick AW, Sirois M, Laupland KB, Liu D, Rowan K, Ball CG, et al. Hand-held thoracic sonography for detecting post-traumatic pneumothoraces: The extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma (EFAST) J Trauma. 2004;57:288–95.
3. Ball CG, Ranson K, Dente CJ, Feliciano DV, Laupland KB, Dyer D, et al. Clinical predictors of occult pneumothoraces in severely injured blunt polytrauma patients: A prospective observational study. Injury. 2009;40:44–7.
4. Ball CG, Kirkpatrick AW, Laupland KB, Fox DI, Nicolaou S, Anderson IB, et al. Incidence, risk factors, and outcomes for occult pneumothoraces in victims of major trauma. J Trauma. 2005;59:917–25.
5. Blaivas M, Lyon M, Duggal S. A prospective comparison of supine chest radiography and bedside ultrasound for the diagnosis of traumatic pneumothorax. Acad Emerg Med. 2005;12:844–9.
6. Dulchavsky SA, Schwarz KL, Kirkpatrick AW, Billica RD, Williams DR, Diebel LN, et al. Prospective evaluation of thoracic ultrasound in the detection of pneumothorax. J Trauma. 2001;50:201–5.
7. Zhang M, Liu ZH, Yang JX, Gan JX, Xu SW, You XD, et al. Rapid detection of pneumothorax by ultrasonography in patients with multiple trauma. Crit Care. 2006;10:R112.
8. Tocino IM, Miller MH, Frederick PR, Bahr AL, Thomas F. CT detection of occult pneumothorax in head trauma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1984;143:987–90.
9. Soldati G, Testa A, Sher S, Pignataro G, La Sala M, Silveri NG. Occult traumatic pneumothorax: Diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasonography in the emergency department. Chest. 2008;133:204–11.
10. Lichtenstein DA, Menu Y. A bedside ultrasound sign ruling out pneumothorax in the critically ill.Lung sliding. Chest. 1995;108:1345–8.
11. Tocino IM, Miller MH, Fairfax WR. Distribution of pneumothorax in the supine and semirecumbent critically ill adult. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985;144:901–5.
12. Ball CG, Kirkpatrick AW, Laupland KB, Fox DL, Litvinchuk S, Dyer DM, et al. Factors related to the failure of radiographic recognition of occult posttraumatic pneumothoraces. Am J Surg. 2005;189:541–6.